This week in our section Masterpieces, we explore three key figures who played a central role in the Baroque development in the Eternal City: Cortona, Borromini and Bernini. These three artists introduced the change in the formal art of the time; sometimes they worked in parallel and they were friends, other times, ferocious enemies.
Pietro da Cortona contributed in architecture and painting; for his architectures, he preferred the monumental aura that comes from the white stucco, while in painting, surely influenced by the Venetian style, the coloring and brightness were king. One of his most famous works that we can know only through drawings is the Villa del Pigneto.
Francesco Borromini was a genius in ornamentation and architecture where he achieved unique effects of dynamism. He was also a great decorator, using palms, garlands, stone and stucco cherubs. His most famous work is Sant’Agnese in Agone, in Piazza Navona. He never enjoyed the fame and fortune of his rival, Bernini, and he ended up committing suicide.